9. Sensory integration
a. Stimulate multiple senses (multimodal reinforcement) at once to increase learning.
i. Multimedia – kids learn better from words and pictures than words alone.
ii. Temporal contiguity – kids learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented at the same time
iii. Spatial contiguity – kids learn best when corresponding words and pictures are presented near each other on the page/screen
iv. Coherence – kids learn better when extra material is left out
v. Modality – kids learn better from animation and narration than from animation and on-screen text – Watch those PowerPoint slides! (153-154)
b. Smell can stimulate emotions and impact memory.
a. The more visual the input, the more likely to be recognized and recalled. (170)
b. Text is less capable than pictures because the brain sees words as lots of tiny pictures. (170)
c. In using visuals, pay attention to: color, orientation, size and motion.
d. Less text, more pictures – graphics/visuals are a more efficient way of delivering information than text. (175)
a. Females use both hemispheres of the brain when speaking and processing. Males use only one side.
b. Emotions are useful, but males and females process some emotions differently. (187) Single gender classrooms, anyone?
c. Males and females respond differently to stress.
a. We are constantly learning – we discover and explore our whole lives.
b. We learn to imitate and recognize as infants.
c. Some regions of our brain are always changing – growing new connections, strengthening existing connections, etc. (197)